logo
header image

The Impact Of End-Use Dynamics On Urban Water System Design Criteria

The Impact Of End-Use Dynamics On Urban Water System Design Criteria

Demand reduction strategies such as source substitution (rainwater tanks/water reuse) and the use of water efficient appliances has the potential to significantly impact on urban water system design criteria, such as average and peak demands/wastewater flows. To quantify this impact requires knowledge of the dynamics of household end-uses (shower, toilet, washing machine, tap and outdoor use). This study utilised high-quality enduse monitoring from a Newcastle house over a 2 month period to investigate how end-use dynamics and demand reduction strategies impact on common design criteria.

 

Download box. Please, download the Paper as PDF from here.

Download