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Identifying Social Attitudes and Barriers to Water Conservation – A Community Water Survey

In 2003, Eurobodalla Shire Council adopted its Integrated Water Cycle Management Strategy (IWCMS), which suggested that appropriate levels of Demand Management could be achieved through targeted customer rebate and community education programs. Whilst various education and incentive programs targeting water conservation had been previously run, it was felt they lacked a “documented” strategic approach, adequate monitoring and evaluation and any detailed knowledge of local people’s attitudes to and the level of uptake in the Community of various water saving devices.

 

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Comparative assessment of four alternative water supply options in arsenic affected areas of Bangladesh

Arsenic contamination in groundwater and its toxic effect on human health is a major public health problem in Bangladesh and it is emphasized in the national level to use alternative water sources for drinking water to mitigate the arsenic problem. To identify reasons of nonfunctioning and in order to develop a comparative information and better understanding of the options, assessment of alternative water supply options in both technical and social aspects are essential. The study was conducted on 11 Dug wells (DW) of Charghat, Dohar and Gazaria, 9Deep hand tubewells (DTW) of Dohar and Gournadi, 17 Rain water harvesting systems (RWHS) of Charghat, Gournadi, Pathorghata and Ghior and 6 Pond sand filters (PSF) of Pathorghata and Gournadi.

 

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Experiences with the management and implementation of drinking water supplies in Bangladesh

In previous articles we expressed the view that the arsenic problem in Bangladesh is not primarily a technological problem (Rammelt & Boes 2004, 2006). The main issue seems to be that the appropriate organisational structure needed to successfully implement any of the existing options is almost non-existent in rural areas. Based on this observation a programme has been initiated with the objective to build the needed institutions at a village level with support from research organisations and local NGO’s as important participants in the implementation process.

 

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Cooperate or coerce? Intergovernmental approaches to mainstreaming Water Sensitive Urban Design

Water Sensitive Urban Design (WSUD) is still largely in its infancy, and many governments, organisations, and communities are still reinforcing the traditional urban water management approach of highly engineered, mutually exclusive water supply, wastewater, and drainage systems. Many agree that institutionalising WSUD to establish widespread practice can only be achieved through a cooperative partnership approach that includes state and local governments. However, there is no consolidated assessment of the necessary ingredients and key factors that produce successful intergovernmental arrangements for WSUD.

 

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Impact of arsenic contamination in groundwater on poverty and choice of mitigation technology for rural communities in Bangladesh

Discovery of the presence of arsenic in the drinking water in Bangladesh has been a cause of red alert in the public health arena. ith a per capita income of US$482 (2006), dealing with this crisis is a major challenge for the government of Bangladesh, donor communities and the NGOs working in Bangladesh. However, heterogeneity of the people in terms of their choices for mitigation measures, income/wealth, information, health, poverty, social status and religion,  often makes it difficult to find an efficient solution.

 

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INTEGRAL WATER MANAGEMENT, ORIENTED TO THE RENOVATION AND URBAN - ARCHITECTONIC SUSTAINABLE PLANNING,OF THE EL PALOMAR DEVELOPMENT

The present work describes of general way to the Project of Integral Water Management, Oriented to he Renovation And Urban - Architectonic Sustainable Planning, of the El Palomar Development at Municipality of Tlajomulco de Zúñiga, Jalisco, Mexico. “El Palomar Development” is an area of high economic level in the Metropolitan Zone of Guadalajara and belongs to “La Primavera” Forest and it is at the upstream of the “El Ahogado” basin which is a sub-basin of the Lerma-Santiago River. This last basin is the most important in western of México.

 

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Intelligent Sizing of Detention Basins Using a Dynamic Hydraulic Model

Stormwater detention basins are an important part of Water Sensitive Urban Design (WSUD). When designing such a structure it is critical to size the basin correctly, but the problem of determining the correct size for a detention basin is far from trivial. Fortunately, purpose-built hydraulic modelling computer programs can perform much of the computational ‘heavy lifting’ – allowing engineers to make a better estimate of required detention basin size. This paper investigates the use of one such hydraulic model (CivilStorm by Bentley) in the design of a detention basin (and associated appurtenances) in a hypothetical urban design scenario.

 

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Providing Supplementary Water for Bangalore, India: Towards Water Sensitive Urban Design

Situated on a ridge and at an elevation of 900 metres above sea level, Bangalore in South India has one of India’s most difficult challenges to meet its water requirements. 810 million litres of water per day is pumped in to the city daily for a population of about 6 million. Another 500 million litres per day will be pumped with a new scheme. There is however a limit to water availability at around 1500 million litres per day. A recent award of a tribunal set up to adjudicate the sharing of river waters between 4 states has capped the water availability to Bangalore city at a very low level. The city is therefore actively supporting alternate source of water including rooftop rainwater harvesting. With an annual average rainfall of around 970 mm, distributed over nearly 60 rainy days the endowment of rain is considerable. Over the cities geographical extant of 1250 square kilometres this translates to nearly 3000 million litres per day. Industries and parks adopt rainwater harvesting in a big way.

 

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Saving Water using Monitoring, Auditing and Modelling

Water supply resources in Australia are coming under growing pressure from an increasing demand, coupled with the likely effects of climate change resulting in more variable rainfall in catchment areas. To extend the available supply to meet our needs, the available supply must be used more carefully and wastage eliminated.
The Water Savings Section of the NSW Government Architects Office has conducted water audits of government, industrial and commercial buildings across NSW and Australia including part of Sydney Water’s Every Drop Counts business program.

 

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Sustainable Urban Water Management Champions: What Do We Know About Them?

This paper describes what is currently known about emergent leaders (‘champions’) who act as change agents to promote the philosophy of sustainable urban water management. First, I suggest that the current context of urban water management in Australia increases the need for, and value of, leadership, including emergent forms like championship. I then draw on the findings of an international literature review, to highlight the significant role that champions play in processes of change, like the transition from traditional to more sustainable forms of urban water management in Australia. Finally, I present a preliminary conceptual model of sustainable urban water management championship based on the findings of the literature review. This model is being used as a theoretical platform to conduct in-depth, context-sensitive research on these champions within Australian water agencies and to develop practical strategies to promote the emergence and effectiveness of these leaders.

 

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